LAWYER | Environment | EDRMP Advocate | Consultant

Skills / Expertise

Professional Experiences

USAID Fishright Program

Project Consultant - Consensus Building Training Program Developer (Short-Term) 10 January 2020 - September 2020
• based on existing training needs and capability assessments, facilitated the development of a training program tailored for the BFAR and LGU roles in building consensus on harvest control measures in the context of fisheries management
• in coordination with the program experts, developed the training design and training materials • co-facilitated the consensus-building training sessions (face-to face and online) for mentors and practitioners

International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
Subject Matter Expert - Investigation and Prosecution of Crimes Involving the Environment 1 October 2019 - 30 April 2020
• worked closely with the DOJ’s National Prosecution Service-Technical Working Group on Environment on the identification of gaps in skills, knowledge, and competencies of NPS prosecutors handling environment related cases
• developed a training module on the investigation and prosecution of environmental cases based on the results of a series of workshops with the members of the NPS-TWG on Environment
• provided substantive input to the modules on 5 select priority laws (forestry, fisheries, wildlife, air quality, and solid waste management laws)

American Bar Association
Consultant (Curriculum Development) - Refresher Course for Court-Annexed Mediators 1 July 2019 - 15 February 2020
• worked with the SC-PMCO in developing an enhanced refresher course curriculum for court-annexed mediators
• facilitated consultation and validation workshops with select court-annexed mediators and PHILJA professorial lecturers
• drafted and finalized enhanced refresher course curriculum and training plan for PMCO’s enhanced refresher course program for court-annexed mediators

Asian Development Bank and USAID Wildlife Protect
Short-Term Consultant/Technical Assistance - Resource Person/Workshop Group Facilitator 12 June 2019 - 15 June 2019; 5 August 2019 - 14 August 2019
• provided facilitation work and technical input, as needed, to an assigned stakeholder group during the regional launch and planning/validation workshop and Visayas-wide stakeholder review of the proposed revisions to the Wildlife Act held in Clark City and Cebu City
• captured key highlights and synthesis of the workshop group discussions

Consensus Building Institute, Inc.
Consultant, 2 February - 30 September 2019
• co-facilitated workshop for IUCN’s Shared Resources/Joint Solutions program in the Philippines

Office of the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO)
International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group
Short-Term Consultant, April 2018 - June 2019
• performed CAO dispute function, as assigned

Department of Justice’s Office of Alternative Dispute Resolution
in collaboration with the Department of Agrarian Reform Adjudication Board (May-August 2019) in collaboration with the Energy Regulatory Commission (November 2018)
• together with two other colleagues, prepared and delivered the mediation training modules for the national adjudicators of the ERC and mediation assessment and mentoring program for four batches of DARAB adjudicators and clerks of adjudicators

The Asia Foundation
Consultant , October - March 2019
• conducted an external assessment of a project grantee’s e-lawyering system as an input to the integration of e-lawyering in CHR’s protection services

Asian Development Bank
TA-8763 Reg: Health Impact Assessment - Philippines
Resource Person (Counsel), September - October 2017; May 2018 - June 2018
• in 2017, provided legal comment on draft memorandum of agreement and facilitated collaboration between Department of Health (DOH) and Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) on the integration of environmental and health impact assessment policies in their respective agencies
• in 2018, facilitated two-day Deep Dive workshop on HIA for the agencies

Supreme Court, Philippine Judicial Academy’s Philippine Mediation Center Office
PHILJA Chief of Office for PMCO, June 2016 - March 2018
• managed the implementation of the judiciary’s Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) programs, primarily court-annexed mediation and judicial dispute resolution
• spearheaded efforts to improve PMCO’s policies and processes on ADR
• provided training and mentorship of judicial staff and court-annexed mediators

Asian Development Bank, Office of the General Counsel
Environmental Law Specialist (Consultant), Law, Justice, and Development program, October 2013 – October 2016 • ADB RETA 7735 – Building Capacity for Environmental Prosecution, Adjudication, Dispute Resolution, Compliance, and Enforcement in Asia
• contributed to environmental justice initiatives within ADB’s selected developing member countries • provided legal input to ADB’s environmental adjudication country studies and its ASEAN judges’ environmental symposiums in 2013 and 2016

Department of Finance - Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
Consultant, October - December 2015; Consultant-Head Editor, October – December 2014
• in 2015, drafted the legal and policy framework for large-scale non-metallic mining as part of 2015 EITI report; in 2014, reviewed and edited the first Philippines EITI country report

Canadian Embassy, Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development
Consultant, June 2014 – November 2014
• prepared the legal, policy, and regulatory framework governing transparency in the extractive industries, which included review of relevant agreements and contracts, permits and licenses in the mining, oil, and gas sectors, and inputs for draft legislation on the Philippine government’s commitment to EITI

Human Dynamics – European Union-Philippines
Senior Short-Term Expert (Pro Bono Legal Services), October 2014 – March 2015
• European Union-Philippines Justice Support (EPJUST) Programme Component I – Increasing Accessibility • provided policy research input and support in conducting a legal aid mapping and analysis study of the Philippines

Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Quezon City, Philippines
Environmental Law Specialist (Consultant); January – December 2012; extended to September 30, 2013 • Asian Development Bank RETA 7566: Strengthening and Use of Country Safeguards Systems • provided legal advice and comment on the EMB’s draft screening policy guidelines for the EIA system,
memoranda of agreement among agencies on mapping environmental critical areas (ECAs), draft Congressional bill on strategic environmental assessment
• facilitated the 1st EIA Convention on June 19-21, 2013, Manila, Philippines and other consultation workshops on the draft legal instruments

Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Environmental Management Bureau, Quezon City, Philippines Legal Consultant; March 2011-June 2011; February–December 2012; May – October 2013 • Philippine Ozone Desk
• prepared and reviewed legal and policy documents related to the draft Chemical Control Order on ozone depleting substances
• facilitated stakeholder consultation sessions to get feedback on the draft CCO

Chamber of Mines, Pasig City, Philippines
Consultant-Vice-President, Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility; January 2012 – July 2013 • developed the corporate social and environmental responsibility program for the mining industry, including parameters for a CSR scorecard to gauge industry performance in environmental management, community engagement and development, safety and health, labor, security and human rights, and management and governance aspects
• previously drafted Compliance and Beyond: CSR Guidebook for the Mining Industry and finalized the same based on stakeholder consultation workshops (July 2009 – September 2010)

Ateneo de Manila University, School of Sciences and Engineering, Environmental Science Department, Quezon City Consultant; April 2013 – October 30, 2013
• Design and Implementation of a Certificate Training Program in Environmental Management as a Capacity Building Measure to Promote Responsible Mining
• prepared a training module on “Environmental Standards, Law and Policy Relevant to Mining” as part of the entire training program
• delivered the module to a multi-stakeholder group of training participants.

Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines, Government of the Philippines, Taguig, PhilippinesConsultant-Policy Specialist; April 2011 – December 2011
• facilitated stakeholder evaluation of the IPOPHL program for mediating intellectual property disputes and helped forged its partnership with other cultural agencies in protecting indigenous knowledge and systems

Philippine Mediation Center, Philippine Judicial Academy, Supreme Court of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines Consultant; July 2009 – November 2010
• contracted by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
• assisted the Philippine Mediation Center Office (PMCO) in improving its policy and mechanisms for delivering Judicial Dispute Resolution services through mentoring of judicial staff and facilitation of skills enhancement programs for the members of the judiciar
• facilitated the strategic management exercise of the PMCO Executive Board

Science and Technology Innovations for the Base of the Pyramid-Southeast Asia (IBOP-Asia), Quezon City Research Coordinator; March 2009 – December 2010/Consultant; 2008-2009
• partnership between the Ateneo School of Government and Canada’s International Development Research Centre
• initially developed the project’s M&E study and network papers, then eventually assumed the role of coordinating its research and small-grants program

The Asia Foundation, Manila, Philippines
Independent Consultant; July 2008 – August 2009
• conducted Study on Civil and Administrative Remedies as Instruments of Accountability for Violations of Human Rights, a project of The Asia Foundation with USAID support

The Asia Foundation, Manila, Philippines
Independent Consultant; March 2009
• developed a Guidebook on Mediation System in the Office of the Ombudsman, as part of a project implemented by The Asia Foundation with USAID support

The Asia Foundation, Manila, Philippines
Program Officer; May 2003 – June 2007
• Conflict Management Program (Resource Use), October 2006 – June 2007
• Law Reform and Human Rights Program, May 2003 – September 2006
• helped in managing the programs through coordination with implementing partners from government and NGOs as well as preparation of agreement letters and relevant monitoring reports

The Asia Foundation, Manila, Philippines
Consultant; February 2000 – May 2003
• Legal Accountability and Dispute Resolution (LADR) Project, October 2002-May 2003 • Reforming the Administration of Justice through Coalition Advocacy (RAJCA) Project, February-April 2002; May-November 2001
• Legal Literacy for Supporting Governance Project, February-August 2000
• provided technical support to the implementation of specific projects

CD Technologies Asia and Australasian Legal Information Institute, Pasig City, Philippines Regional Training Coordinator; February 2000 – May 2001
• Development of the Internet for Asian Law (DIAL), an ADB Regional Technical Assistance • coordinated with ADB counsels and member country representatives in the conduct of internet legal research training for government officials in Vietnam, Indonesia, Mongolia, and the Philippines
• facilitated actual in-country training activities in selected member countries

Institute of Human Rights, University of the Philippines Law Center, University of the Philippines, Quezon City Senior Law Reform Specialist; May 2009 – December 2009
• Human Rights and Environment/Development Program
• developed the program concept, mentored law student researchers, and facilitated roundtable discussions on the Clean Air Act and Protected Areas as these relate to human rights

Co-Multiversity, Quezon City, Philippines
Project Coordinator; February 1999 – July 1999
• Tanggol Kalikasan and CO-Multiversity Project on the “Promotion of the Development of Mediation and Other Forms of Appropriate Dispute Resolution (including indigenous methods of dispute resolution) in Environment and Natural Resources Disputes in the Philippines”
• coordinated the ADR capacity-building activities for the environment and natural resources sector, including indigenous peoples

Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Office of the Undersecretary for Legal and Legislative Affairs Law Consultant; January 1996 – October 1998
• provided legal assistance to the Undersecretary for Legal and Legislative Affairs, primarily on policies relating to the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system, climate change, and alternative dispute resolution
• participated in EIA review and consultation process of specific proposed projects as well as EIA compliance monitoring of ongoing projects assigned by the Undersecretary

Department of Environment and Natural Resources and Tanngol Kalikasan, Quezon City, Philippines Project Co-Director; July 1996 – September 1998
• Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in Environment and Natural Resources Conflicts, a joint project of the DENR and NGO Tanggol Kalikasan
• managed the project from the DENR side, including the development of a pool of trainers, training modules on ADR, and conduct of actual training and mediation activities
• facilitated/mediated actual environment and natural resources cases referred to the project

Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center, Inc., Quezon City, Philippines
Coordinator, Direct Legal Services Division (previously, Policy Research Staff),1994-1996; Paralegal Researcher, 1989-1992
• conducted legal and policy research advocacy for the Center, focusing on environmental impact assessment issues, and provided legal assistance to communities affected by an energy development project


Vice-Chair, Alternative Dispute Resolution Department, Academic Council, Philippine Judicial Academy, Supreme Court of the Philippines (2016 - present)

Senior Lecturer 1, Department of Geodetic Engineering, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City (August 2015-2019)

Asst. Professorial Lecturer 4 (Environment and Natural Resources Law and Policy, Alternative Dispute Resolution), College of Law, De La Salle University (September 2012 - present)

Professorial Lecturer II (Environmental ADR, CAM, JDR), Philippine Judicial Academy, Supreme Court of the Philippines (September 2011 – present)

Lecturer, Environmental Law and Policy, Environmental Science Program, Ateneo de Manila University (June 2002-2003; June 2005-March 2006; Co-Lecturer with Dr. Antonio La Viña, October 2008-March 2009, June-October 2010)

Lecturer, Environment and Natural Resources Law and Policy, San Sebastian College of Law (1997-2000)

Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines (1988-1990)

Experience in Mediation

Other related experiences or Achievements:

Convention Moderator and Paper Presenter on “EIA and the Supreme Court’s Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases,” National Convention on the Philippine EIS System - EIA@40: Delivering Sustainable Solutions, organized by the House of Representatives and the Philippine Center for Environment, Climate Studies, and Sustainable Development, Manila, 5-7 November 2018.

Writer, “Court-Annexed Mediation and Judicial Dispute Resolution: the Philippine Experience in Skills-Based Training and Transformational Education,” a paper presented during the 8th International Conference on the Training of the Judiciary, organized by the International Organization for Judicial Training and Philippine Judicial Academy, Manila, November 2017.

Head Editor and Contributing Writer, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative – Philippines Country Report 2014. A copy of the full report may be accessed at and the legal framework paper at

Editor, The Mediator: Empowering Mediators through Training, the official newsletter of the Mediator’s Network for Sustainable Peace (MedNet), Inc., Volume IV, Issue 1, October 2013.

Contributing Writer, “Alternative Dispute Resolution in Environmental Cases,” The Mediator: Empowering Mediators through Training, Volume IV, Issue 1, October 2013.

Contributor, Module on “Environmental Standards, Law, and Policy Relevant to Mining,” Certificate Training Program in Environmental Management as a Capacity-Building Measure to Promote Responsible Mining, Ateneo de Manila University, School of Sciences and Engineering, Environmental Science Department, Quezon City, Philippines, 2013.

Co-editor, “Pathways Out of Poverty: Innovating with the BoP in Southeast Asia”, S&T Innovations for the Base of the Pyramid (iBoP) Asia Project, Ateneo School of Government with support from Canada’s International Development Research Centre, 2012. A copy of the publication may be accessed at uploads/2012/10/Pathways-Out-of-Poverty2012-by-iBoP-Asia.pdf

“Alternative Dispute Resolution in Environmental Cases”, a handout prepared for the Mandatory Continuing Legal Education Seminar – session on ADR in Environmental Cases organized by the Institute of Judicial Administration, University of the Philippines Law Center, September 2010

“Strengthening Alternative Dispute Resolution through Judicial Dispute Resolution,” Chancellor’s Desk Philippine Judicial Academy, 2nd Quarter 2010

“Compliance and Beyond: A Corporate Social Responsibility Guidebook for the Philippine Mining Industry,” commissioned by the Chamber of Mines of the Philippines (2009)

“Guide to Mediation: Ombudsman Rules of Procedure for Mediation Administrative Order No. 20, series of 2008”, a publication sponsored by The Asia Foundation with support from the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and United States Agency for International Development (2009)

“The Role of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in Promoting the Norm of Transparency in Resource Revenue Payments and Its Implications for Public Sector Governance,” a research policy paper submitted to the module on States, Markets, and International Governance, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore (2008).

“Geothermal Energy in the Philippines,” a research policy paper submitted to the module on Energy and Climate Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore (2008).

“Court Policies on Standing to Sue in Environmental Cases”, a paper prepared for the Judges’ Forum on Environmental Protection: Philippine Environmental Law, Practice, and the Role of Courts, published in the PhilJA Judicial Journal, Volume 6, Issue No. 20, April – June 2004.

“Manual on Environment and Natural Resources Law and Policy”, prepared for Mirant Philippines, Inc. (2002)

“Human Rights and The 1999 Philippine Clean Air Act”, an article prepared for The Agenda, the official newsletter of the Institute of Human Rights, UP Law Center, Diliman, Quezon City (June 1999)

“Environmental Monitoring Fund and Environmental Guarantee Fund in the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System”, a paper prepared for the GEF/UNDP/IMO Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas, Manila, Philippines, March 1999 and Bangkok, Thailand, September 1998 (1999).

“Developing a National Emissions Trading System Regime: The Philippine Experience”, a paper commissioned by the Haggler-Bailley Services for the Asian Development Bank for the Asian Perspectives on Clean Development Mechanisms and Related Market-Based Approaches and Institutional Arrangements (1998).

“Philippine Perspectives on Activities Implemented Jointly”, a paper prepared for the International Conference on “Technologies for Activities Implemented Jointly”, Vancouver, Canada, 26-29 May 1997. This paper has been incorporated as part of the book entitled Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Technologies for Activities Implemented Jointly (Proceedings of same workshop), edited by P.W.F Riemer, A.Y. Smith and K.V. Thambimuthu (1998).

“Public Participation and Social Acceptability in the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System”, a paper presented before a seminar organized by the Chamber of Mines of the Philippines on “Mine Wastes and Tailings Management”, 24 September 1997.

Co-writer, “Assessment of National Marine Pollution Legislation in East Asia”, a report published by the GEF/UNDP/ IMO Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas, December 1997.

Editorial Staff Member and Editor-in-Chief for its March 1996 Issue, Natural Resources Law Journal, a quarterly journal of the Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center, Inc.(1990-1992; 1994-1996).

Writer, LRC-KSK Issue Paper on the Congressional Bills and Resolutions (9th Congress) (1995)

"The Masinloc Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plant Project: A Case Presentation", a paper presented to the 2nd Asian NGO Regional Consultation on the ADB Policies and Issues, April 1995

"The Masinloc Coal-Fired Thermal Power Project: Triggering the Conflict of Rights Over a Quiet Earth", a paper submitted to the The Asia Foundation’s Environmental Conflict Resolution Program, US-Indonesia, July 1995.

"Ancestral Domain: The Tenurial Rights of Indigenous Communities," a legal research paper submitted to the U.P. College of Law which was subsequently published in TAMBARA Ateneo de Davao University Journal, Vol. X, December 1993, pp. 1-60.

Editorial Assistant, "Law and Ecology: A Compilation of Philippine Laws and International Documents Pertaining to Ecology", by Prof. Antonio G.M. La Viña (1991).


▪ Vice-President for Special Affairs, Mediators’ Network for Sustainable Peace/MEDNET (2016-2019)

▪ Executive Board Member, Mediators’ Network for Sustainable Peace/MEDNET (2008-2015)

▪ Regional Vice-President, Mediators’ Network for Sustainable Peace/MEDNET (1998)

▪ Member, The World Conservation Union (IUCN)(1999)

▪ Member, Integrated Bar of the Philippines (1994)

▪ Vice-President, Law Student Government, College of Law, UP (1991-1992)

▪ Executive Board Member, Portia Sorority, College of Law, UP (1990-1991)

▪ Chairperson, Committee on Environment, National Affairs Committee, Law Student Government, College of Law, University of the Philippines (1989-1990)

▪ Member, Paralegal Volunteers Organization, College of Law, University of the Philippines (1988-1992)

▪ Student Fellow, Third World Studies Center Students’ Circle, University of the Philippines (1986)

▪ Recipient, Chief Justice Davide Judicial Reform Award, Supreme Court of the Philippines (2005)

Training & Education

Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Master in Public Administration, 2008

Asia Pacific Center for Environmental Law, National University of Singapore,
Singapore (with support from ADB and IUCN), Certificate Course on “Teaching Environmental Law at the University Level,” 1998

Center for Dispute Resolution, Colorado, USA (with support from The Asia Foundation)
Certificate Course on “Environmental Conflict Resolution,” 1995

University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
Bachelor of Laws, 1992

University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
B.A., Philosophy, cum laude, 1988
Recipient, Presidential Pin of Excellence, University of the Philippines
(with automatic membership to the Pi Gamma Mu International Honors Society)

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