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Climate Change and its Security Perspectives: Navigating Conflict and Mobilizing Climate Finance

by Emmanuel M. De Guzman

Regional Coordinator of MedNet
Photo by Ginelle Jane Pabillo

Climate change poses significant security challenges that extend beyond environmental concerns. It intertwines with issues of conflict resolution, sustainable development, and global justice. In the international arena, former Philippine Climate Change Commissioner Secretary Emmanuel de Guzman, is a key advocate, driving efforts to address these challenges through international climate negotiations. This essay explores the security perspectives of climate change, emphasizing the need for conflict resolution, the role of climate finance, and the contributions of international advocacy groups and financial institutions.


There are complex challenges that require conflict resolution at various levels. The transition to renewable energy sources, climate-smart agriculture practices, and the development of low-carbon resilient cities may generate conflicts over resource allocation and competing interests. Resolving these conflicts is crucial for sustainable development and effective climate action (Smith et al., 2019).


De Guzman’s efforts in international climate negotiations emphasize the importance of dialogue and collaboration to address conflicting priorities. His advocacy for inclusive decision-making processes promotes the resolution of conflicts by engaging stakeholders and fostering cooperation (Philippine Climate Change Commission, n.d.). Furthermore, climate finance plays a pivotal role in supporting climate action and addressing climate justice. The international community has a responsibility to mobilize resources and support developing nations in their transition to a low-carbon economy. The Paris Agreement, with its emphasis on climate finance, provides a framework for collective action and equitable resource distribution (UNFCCC, 2015).


International advocacy groups, such as the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) and the V20 group, play a crucial role in amplifying the voices of vulnerable nations and advancing climate action. The CVF, consisting of over 50 nations, advocates for increased ambition, adaptation support, and climate finance (CVF, n.d.). The V20 group focuses on climate finance, aiming to mobilize resources for climate resilience and low-carbon development (V20, n.d.).


Financial institutions like the Green Climate Fund (GCF) provide a mechanism for channeling climate finance to developing nations. The GCF supports projects that enhance resilience, promote low-emission development, and address the needs of vulnerable communities (GCF, n.d.).


On the whole, climate change presents security challenges that extend beyond environmental implications. Resolving conflicts related to energy transition, climate-smart agriculture, and resilient cities is vital for sustainable development. Mobilizing climate finance and promoting climate justice are imperative in addressing global climate goals.


The contributions of advocacy groups like the CVF and financial institutions like the GCF reflect the international community’s commitment to navigating these challenges.

By working collectively, we can foster a secure and sustainable future for all.

Courses of Action in Addressing Climate Change Challenges


Foster Conflict Resolution: Recognize that climate change presents complex challenges that may generate conflicts over energy transition, climate-smart agriculture, and resilient cities. Encourage dialogue, collaboration, and inclusive decision-making processes to address conflicting priorities and ensure sustainable development.


Mobilize Climate Finance: Acknowledge the crucial role of climate finance in supporting climate action and promoting climate justice. Developed countries should fulfill their commitments to provide financial resources and support to developing nations. Uphold the principles of the Paris Agreement to ensure equitable distribution of resources for a just transition to a low-carbon economy.


Strengthen International Advocacy: Support and amplify the efforts of international advocacy groups such as the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) and the V20 group. These groups play a vital role in advancing climate action, increasing ambition, and mobilizing resources for climate resilience and low-carbon development.


Enhance Financial Mechanisms: Utilize financial mechanisms like the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to channel climate finance to developing nations. Strengthen the capacity of financial institutions to support projects that enhance resilience, promote low-emission development, and address the needs of vulnerable communities.


Foster Climate Diplomacy and Collaboration: Emphasize the importance of sustained engagement in climate diplomacy and negotiations. Collaborate with nations, organizations, and stakeholders to address the challenges of clean energy transition, climate-smart agriculture, and low-carbon resilient cities. Promote knowledge sharing, technology transfer, and capacity-building initiatives to facilitate global cooperation.


Prioritize Research and Innovation: Invest in research and development to advance climate science, technology, and innovation. Encourage the development of sustainable solutions, including renewable energy technologies, climate-smart agricultural practices, and resilient urban planning.


Empower Local Communities: Recognize the role of local communities as key actors in climate change mitigation and adaptation. Support grassroots initiatives, empower vulnerable communities, and ensure their active participation in decision-making processes.


Promote Education and Awareness: Enhance public education and awareness campaigns to foster a deeper understanding of climate change and its impacts. Encourage behavioral changes, promote sustainable lifestyles, and inspire collective action at the individual, community, and national levels.


By implementing these recommended courses of action, we can collectively address the challenges posed by climate change, promote sustainable development, and work towards a resilient and secure future for generations to come.


Emmanuel M. de Guzman is the former secretary and vice chairperson of the Philippine Climate Change Commission. He was previously a senior advisor on disaster risk reduction with the World Meteorological Organization, the United Nations’ agency for weather, climate and water concerns. Before that, he was a consultant for the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) on mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in national policies and plans. He has provided technical advice to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council on implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, an international blueprint for reducing disaster risk and building resilience. He had served as a senior regional expert on disaster risk management for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Secretariat. He joined the Philippine Climate Change Commission in September 2015 and led the negotiations by the Philippines on the Paris Agreement at COP21.
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